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WHY - JarmanyWiki


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Charles Frederick Hunt was born Frederick Charles Jarmany in 1869. He dropped the Jarmany and substituted Hunt in 1883, at the same time he reversed his first two Christian names. We can of course speculate, but if you follow the male line, from George Hunt, born in 1785, without any of the name changes, Charles Frederick Hunt would rightly have been called Frederick Charles Hunt.

The events leading up to this are outlined below. For more full details of each person or event, you will need to follow the links in the web site.

The question

Charles Frederick Hunt, known to his grandchildren as Granddad Hunt, gave the forename Jarmany to all of his own children. Many of them passed that name on to their children. He had a yacht called Jarmany and, for all we know there were other uses of the name. Neither he, nor Grandma Hunt, Bertha (nee Pryke) had any apparent connection with the name Jarmany, so what was it all about?

Earliest traces of Jarmany

The earliest known record of an ancestor with a surname similar to Jarmany is Edmund Garmany. He was born in Foulden, Norfolk in the first quarter of 1753, and died between 1841 and 1851. We do not know the name of his wife, but their union gave rise to at least two surviving children, both born in Foulden. These were:

  • Ann Garmany (born in about 1781)
  • Edmund Garmany (born 1786).

The Hunts of Upwell.

George Hunt (I), the earliest known ancestor on the Hunt side, was born in 1785 in Upwell, Cambridgeshire. He grew up to become a boatman. Upwell was (and is) linked by waterways to the river Wissey, which passes within a mile of the centre of Foulden.

(I am using the suffixes (I), (II) and (III) because there were three George Hunts. The suffix is not because they used them, but as a way of differentiating between them)

George Hunt (I) met Ann Garmany and they were married somewhere around 1804 or 1805. They lived in Upwell.

They had four known surviving children, the eldest of whom was also called George. So:

  • George Hunt (II), born in 1806,
  • Marianna Hunt, born in about 1811,
  • Thomas Hunt, born in about 1815
  • William Hunt, born in 1816.

George Hunt (II) uses two surnames

George Hunt (II) was, like his father, a boatman. He had the same name as his father and lived at the same address and this must have created confusion for everyone. George (II) needed some way in which people could tell which George Hunt they were talking about. George (II) used his mother's maiden name, even though he was not sure how it was spelt. George Hunt (II) renamed himself George Jarmany - or one of the pronunciations thereof, and used this name when convenient.

George and Ann Hunt (Jarmany)

George Hunt (II) (Jarmany) met Ann Campbell (sometimes spelt Cambell) and they were married at St Ives in 1833. Their marriage was registered (by the same person) twice, once as Mr & Mrs George Hunt (alias Garmany), and once as Mr & Mrs George Garmany (alias Hunt). They had seven children, six of whom we know (from the 1851 census) were initially given the surname Hunt:

  • Elizabeth Hunt born in 1833,
  • William Hunt, born in 1837,
  • George Hunt (III), born in 1840,
  • Charles Hunt in 1843,
  • Martha Hunt in 1847,
  • Mary Ann Hunt in 1849 and
  • Fanny in 1855. I am not sure which surname Fanny had - by 1861 it was Germanney.

Changing the surname

By the time of the 1861 census the family surname had become almost universally Jarmany, although the spelling (Germanney) was not quite as we know it, so in 1861, the family comprised:

  • George Germanney (Hunt II),
  • Ann Germanney,
  • George Germanney (Hunt III),
  • Charles Germanney,
  • Martha Germanney,
  • Mary Ann Germanney
  • Fanny Germanny.

However the pub which George was running at the time was registered to George Jarmany, spelt the way we know it.

As you can see from the above family list, neither Elizabeth nor William were still in the family home in 1861. William had probably left home in about 1853 to join the army. He married Sarah Bradley from Ely in 1861. Being in the army, he was moved about quite a lot, and in particular to Canada and Ireland. We now need to follow William and Sarah Jarmany.

The marriage of William and Sarah produced a fine crop of children:

  • William (II), born 1862 in Upwell,
  • Anne, born 1865 in Montreal,
  • Frederick Charles Jarmany (Fred C Jarmany) born 1869 in Montreal,
  • Grace born 1872 in Ireland,
  • Isabella, born 1874 in Ireland,
  • Alfred, born 1876 in Limerick, Ireland,
  • Arthur, born 1878 in Horninglow, Staffs (Arthur was christened Arthur Hunt Jarmany, he died in infancy)
  • Henry, born in December 1880 in Horninglow, Staffs,

All of them had the surname 'Jarmany'.

Changing it back again

Whilst George Jarmany (Hunt (II)) continued living in Upwell, his second son, William had moved about a lot. It seems likely that he (William) was again moved overseas shortly after 1881 by the army, but this time he left his son Frederick behind to be looked after by a clergyman. Fred joined the army as a boy trumpeter in 1883, but he was underage, and probably to avoid detection, he reverted to the surname Hunt, dropping the Jarmany completely, and reversed his Christian names. Fred Jarmany can be traced in army records as Charles Frederick Hunt, with no evidence of the Jarmany.

Charles was married to Bertha Pryke in April 1893, and his wedding certificate clearly shows his birthplace and dates as coincidental with those of Frederick Charles Jarmany.

Bertha was no stranger to the interchangeable use of surnames. Her eldest sister Emma flipped her surname from Edwards to Pryke and back again several times. After their marriage, Bertha probably convinced Charles to put the Jarmany back in the next generation - and so we (I) have it.

Now read on

Much of the detailed information in the web site takes up individual elements of this story, as well as expanding to look at the families of some of the other bloodlines and generations to and including this present day.

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